The Possessive Adjective - my, your, his, her ,our, their - is a suffix which obeys vowel harmony rules.
It is called an Possessive Adjective because it shows possession and describes a noun.
Which cat? - the answer - my cat. The word - my - is a Possessive Adjective describing the noun - cat.
In Turkish the suffix -ım,-im,-um,-üm added to words ending in a consonant or just -m when added to words ending in a vowel means - my.
In English generally only the Possessor is marked as in - Janet's house - where the 's tells us that - the house belongs to Janet.
However, possession can also be marked by both the Possessor and the Possessed in English as in - the hair of the dog ….
In this case both words - hair - and - dog - are marked THE hair and OF THE dog.
This then is the way that Turkish uses, for both words - the Possessor and the Possessed - are always marked viz:
köpeğin tüyü (Köpeğ-in tüy-ü) - The hair of the dog (Dog-the-of hair-the)
The possessor ending -in
To convey the idea that something owns something else, you place a possessor ending on the thing doing the possessing. In Turkish the possessor ending is -in (-nin).
|kızın (the girl's)||kızların (the girls')|
|annenin (mother's)||annenlerin (the mothers')|
|müdürün (the director's)||müdürünlerin (the directors')|
|fırmanın (the firm's)||fırmaların (the firms')|
The possessed ending -i (-si)
In English, in the phrase the doctor's house, we only add an ending on the possessor - the doctor. In Turkish you also put an ending on the things which is possessed - the house. The possessed ending is -i (-si).
doktorun evi (the doctor's house)
kızların annesi (the girl's mother)
firmanın müdürü (the firm's director)
futbolcunun babası (the footballer's father)
The word su is an exception.Its possesed ending is -yu.
Şu Ali'nin suyu! (That's Ali's water!)
Possessives and Personal Prononous
The possessor Ending
More about personal prononouns here.
You can can the possessor ending -in to personal pronouns.
|benim||my / mine|
|senim||your / yours (informal)|
|bizim||our / ours|
|sizin||your / yours (formal)|
|onların||their / theirs|