Possessive Adjectives

The Possessive Adjective - my, your, his, her ,our, their - is a suffix which obeys vowel harmony rules.
It is called an Possessive Adjective because it shows possession and describes a noun.

Which cat? - the answer - my cat. The word - my - is a Possessive Adjective describing the noun - cat.

In Turkish the suffix -ım,-im,-um,-üm added to words ending in a consonant or just -m when added to words ending in a vowel means - my.


In English generally only the Possessor is marked as in - Janet's house - where the 's tells us that - the house belongs to Janet.

However, possession can also be marked by both the Possessor and the Possessed in English as in - the hair of the dog ….

In this case both words - hair - and - dog - are marked THE hair and OF THE dog.

This then is the way that Turkish uses, for both words - the Possessor and the Possessed - are always marked viz:
köpeğin tüyü (Köpeğ-in tüy-ü) - The hair of the dog (Dog-the-of hair-the)

The Possessor

The possessor ending -in

To convey the idea that something owns something else, you place a possessor ending on the thing doing the possessing. In Turkish the possessor ending is -in (-nin).


Singular Plural
kızın (the girl's) kızların (the girls')
annenin (mother's) annenlerin (the mothers')
müdürün (the director's) müdürünlerin (the directors')
fırmanın (the firm's) fırmaların (the firms')

The possessed ending -i (-si)

In English, in the phrase the doctor's house, we only add an ending on the possessor - the doctor. In Turkish you also put an ending on the things which is possessed - the house. The possessed ending is -i (-si).


doktorun evi (the doctor's house)
kızların annesi (the girl's mother)
firmanın müdürü (the firm's director)
futbolcunun babası (the footballer's father)

The word su is an exception.Its possesed ending is -yu.

Şu Ali'nin suyu! (That's Ali's water!)

Possessives and Personal Prononous

The possessor Ending

More about personal prononouns here.

You can can the possessor ending -in to personal pronouns.

benim my / mine
senim your / yours (informal)
onun his
bizim our / ours
sizin your / yours (formal)
onların their / theirs

The possessed Ending

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