Possessives

Possessive Adjectives

The Possessive Adjective - my, your, his, her ,our, their - is a suffix which obeys vowel harmony rules.
It is called an Possessive Adjective because it shows possession and describes a noun.

Which cat? - the answer - my cat. The word - my - is a Possessive Adjective describing the noun - cat.

In Turkish the suffix -ım,-im,-um,-üm added to words ending in a consonant or just -m when added to words ending in a vowel means - my.

Possession

In English generally only the Possessor is marked as in - Janet's house - where the 's tells us that - the house belongs to Janet.

However, possession can also be marked by both the Possessor and the Possessed in English as in - the hair of the dog ….

In this case both words - hair - and - dog - are marked THE hair and OF THE dog.

This then is the way that Turkish uses, for both words - the Possessor and the Possessed - are always marked viz:
köpeğin tüyü (Köpeğ-in tüy-ü) - The hair of the dog (Dog-the-of hair-the)

The Possessor

The possessor ending -in

To convey the idea that something owns something else, you place a possessor ending on the thing doing the possessing. In Turkish the possessor ending is -in (-nin).

Examples

Singular Plural
kızın (the girl's) kızların (the girls')
annenin (mother's) annenlerin (the mothers')
müdürün (the director's) müdürünlerin (the directors')
fırmanın (the firm's) fırmaların (the firms')

The possessed ending -i (-si)

In English, in the phrase the doctor's house, we only add an ending on the possessor - the doctor. In Turkish you also put an ending on the things which is possessed - the house. The possessed ending is -i (-si).

Examples

doktorun evi (the doctor's house)
kızların annesi (the girl's mother)
firmanın müdürü (the firm's director)
futbolcunun babası (the footballer's father)

Exception
The word su is an exception.Its possesed ending is -yu.

Şu Ali'nin suyu! (That's Ali's water!)

Possessives and Personal Prononous

The possessor Ending

More about personal prononouns here.

You can can the possessor ending -in to personal pronouns.

benim my / mine
senim your / yours (informal)
onun his
bizim our / ours
sizin your / yours (formal)
onların their / theirs

The possessed Ending

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